ProjectsPast and current JFS projects


January 3, 2007


Indicators - Economy / International Cooperation

E-5. Aid as Percentage of Gross National Income (GNI)

1.Current Values

2.Current Points
(out of a perfect score of 100 by 2050) 29 points
Calculation method:
(Current value - minimum value) / (2050 target value - minimum value) x 100

3. Explanation of Indicator
Approximately 1.1 billion of the world's 6 billion people live in absolute poverty on less than one dollar per day. For international society to be able to accomplish sustainable development, and moreover for Japan to gain the trust of the peoples of the world, there must be a variety of tangible and intangible aid. Aid even has something to do with guaranteeing international security. For this field, consensus-building is progressing in international society including the Millennium Development Goals (eight goals that international society must reach 2015) presented at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000. We have chosen "aid as a percentage of the gross national income" as an indicator that affords comparison with other countries (the target is 0.7% of GNI).

4.Target for 2050

5.Ideal for the Future

6. Rationale for Ideal and Target Values
The United Nations Millennium Development Goals call for the ODA level (official development assistance) of the advanced countries including Japan to be 0.7% of their GNI, and we can consider this to be the target to be reached by 2050.

There are many schools of thought when it comes to determining what the ideal should be. JFS would like to assume that the North-South problem (disparity between rich and poor countries) would have been settled and an ideal situation, wherein there will be no need for aid, and will put the ideal at 0%. Losing all disparity of wealth between nations is not realistic, and is not desirable from the viewpoint of a free competition. However, by daring to put the ideal at 0%, we would like to stimulate cooperation with international society and move toward the ideal of getting rid of the roots of the problems rather than chronically making ODA contributions.

7. Source
OECD, Development, Donor Aid Charts